Henkel, S et al. (2012): Sulfate and methane concentrations measured in pore water of sediment core GeoB13809-1 and GeoB13849-1. doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.773289, Supplement to:Henkel, Susann; Schwenk, Tilmann; Hanebuth, Till J J; Strasser, Michael; Riedinger, Natascha; Formolo, Michael J; Arnold, Gail Lee; Tomasini, Juan; Krastel, Sebastian; Kasten, Sabine (2012): Pore water geochemistry as a tool for identifying and dating young mass-transport deposits. In: Yamada, Y et al. (eds.) Advances in Natural and Technological Hazards Research - Submarine Mass Movements and Their Consequences, 5th International Symposium, Springer, 31(1), 87-97, doi:10.1007/978-94-007-2162-3_8
Several previous studies have shown that submarine mass-movements can profoundly impact the shape of pore water profiles. Therefore, pore water geochemistry and diffusion models were proposed as tools for identifying and dating recent (max. several thousands of years old) mass-transport deposits (MTDs). In particular, sulfate profiles evidentially indicate transient pore water conditions generated by submarine landslides. After mass-movements that result in the deposition of sediment packages with distinct pore water signatures, the sulfate profiles can be kink-shaped and evolve into the concave and linear shape with time due to molecular diffusion. Here we present data from the RV METEOR cruise M78/3 along the continental margin off Uruguay and Argentina. Sulfate profiles of 15 gravity cores are compared with the respective acoustic facies recorded by a sediment echosounder system. Our results show that in this very dynamic depositional setting, non-steady state profiles occur often, but are not exclusively associated with mass-movements. Three sites that show acoustic indications for recent MTDs are presented in detail. Where recent MTDs are identified, a geochemical transport/reaction model is used to estimate the time that has elapsed since the perturbation of the pore water system and, thus, the timing of the MTD emplacement. We conclude that geochemical analyses are a powerful complementary tool in the identification of recent MTDs and provide a simple and accurate way of dating such deposits.