Reinwarth, O (1981): Fig. 6: Firn temperatures at Filchner Station. doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.761276, Supplement to:Reinwarth, Oskar (1981): Glazialmeteorologische Arbeiten auf dem Filchner-Ronne-Schelfeis während der Standorterkundungsexpedition 1979/80. Polarforschung, 51(1), 61-75, hdl:10013/epic.29498.d001
During the German Antarctic Expedition 1979/80 to the Filchner/Ronne Ice Shelf glaciclogical investigations were carried out at the Filchner station, mainly for determination of snow accumulation. Also meteorological measurements and observations were part of the programme. Similar glaciological work on a smaller seale was done at Atka Ice Port. The report presents the results of the glaciological investigations, In an introductory part some basie eonsiderations, definitions and methods are discussed briefly, completed by a few hints on practical snow pit work. Density measurements, stratigraphie analyses with aid of a throughlight profile and hardness determination are described in more detail. The analyses of the Fi1chner snow profile of January 1980 with suplements of January 1981 reveal 7 complete budget years for 370 cm depth or 53 cm snow accumulation/year, With a mean density of 0.377 g/cm**2 this value corresponds to a water equivalent of 20 g/cm**2. At the Atka site 3 budget years were determined within 210 cm depth of the snow pit or 70 cm of mean annual accumulaticn. With the rat her higher mean density of 0.438 g/cm**2 for this site the corresponding water equivalent amounts here to 30 g/cm**2, In addition to the snow pit studies shallow drillings were made at Filchner Station to a depth of 10.8 m with 128 sampies taken from the core and at Atka to 12.1 m depth with 114 sampies. At the Institute for Radiohydrometry, Neuherberg, the sarnples were analysed with respect to the stable isotope ratios 2H/1H and 18O/16O related to V-SMOW. Also the tritium content was measured. The vartiations of the stable isotope ratios with the depth show quasiperiodic fluctuations which are regarded as annual cycles of the accumulation rate. Counting of the pronounced peaks leads to 20 years for the Filchner core, giving 55 cm annual accumulation or 22 g/cm**2 water equivalent respectively. At Atka 15 years could be found corresponding to 75 cm annual accumulation or 32 g/cm**2 of water. The range of varianon and the mean value of the stable isotope ratios are significantly different for both sites, the agreement of the isotopic anal yses with the pit studies is rat her satisfactory. The tritium content shows for the Filchner core two pronounced peaks which can be related to the 1965 and 1966 winter seasons according to former studies at the South Pole station. These time estimates are consistent with the time scale derived fr orn the stable isotopes distribution. At the Atka site no similar effeet in the tritium values was found. In the drill holes firn temperatures were measured carefully. The 10 m value was determined to be -25 °C at Filchner Station and -17 °C at the Atka position.