Data Description

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Citation:
Meyer, H et al. (2002): Hydrogen and oxygen isotopes in ground lce of Bykovsky Peninsula, North Siberia. doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.728530,
Supplement to: Meyer, Hanno; Dereviagin, Alexander Yu; Siegert, Christine; Hubberten, Hans-Wolfgang (2002): Paleoclimate studies on Bykovsky Peninsula, North Siberia - hydrogen and oxygen isotopes in ground ice. Polarforschung, 70, 37-51, hdl:10013/epic.29857.d001
Abstract:
In wide areas of Northern Siberia, glaciers have been absent since the Late Pleistocene. Therefore, ground ice and especially ice wedges are used as archives for paleoclimatic studies. In the present study, carried out on the Bykovsky Peninsula, eastern Lena Delta, we were able to distinguish ice wedges of different genetic units by means of oxygen and hydrogen isotopes. The results obtained by this study on the Ice Complex, a peculiar periglacial phenomenon, allowed the reconstruction of the climate history with a subdivision of a period of very cold winters (60-55 ka), followed by a long stable period of cold winter temperatures (50-24 ka), Between 20 ka and I I ka, climate warming is indicated in stable isotope compositions, most probably after the Late Glacial Maximum. At that time, a change of the marine source of the precipitation from a more humid source to the present North Atlantic source region was assumed. For the Ice Complex, a continuous age-height relationship was established, indicating syngenetic vertical ice wedge growth and sediment accumulation rates of 0.7 m/ky. During the Holocene optimum, ice wedge growth was probably limited due to the extensive formation of lacustrine environments. Holocene ice wedges in thermokarst depressions (alases) and thermoerosional valleys (logs) were formed after climate deterioration from about 4.5 ka until the present. Winter temperatures were warmer at this time as compared to the cooler Pleistocene. Migration of bound water between ice wedges and segregated ice may have altered the isotopic composition of old ice wedges. The presence of ice wedges as diagnostic features for permafrost conditions since 60 ka, implies that a large glacier extending over the Laptev Sea shelf did not exist. For the remote non-glaciated areas of Northern Siberia, ice wedges were established as a powerful climate archive.
Project(s):
Coverage:
Latitude: 71.769500 * Longitude: 129.454660
Event(s):
MKh-161 * * Latitude: 71.769500 * Longitude: 129.454660 * Location: Mamontovy Khayata, Bykovsky Peninsula, Siberia * * Device: Outcrop * * Comment: Laptev sea coast; coastal and thermokarst erosion has created up to 40 m high coastal cliffs, trending NNW-SSE, and extending intermittently for about 2 km.
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