Data Description

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Citation:
Taddei, D (2006): Seawater carbonate chemistry and community calcification during Reunion Island coral reef community study, 2006. doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.727530,
Supplement to: Taddei, Dorothée (2006): Transfert de matière et d'énergie dans les sédiments d'un complexe récifal anthropisé (Ile de La Réunion, Océan Indien). Université de la Réunion, PhD thesis, 0-229, hdl:10013/epic.35417.d001
Abstract:
Coral reefs are very productive ecosystems. Soft-sediment plays generally a role in storing place, in transforming and in producing of matter, and therefore it could play a key role in coral reefs ecosystems. The goal of this study was to evaluate the role of soft-bottom compartment during the transfer of matter and energy in the reef of La Saline (Reunion Island). Three main lines of research were developed: the physicochemical characterisation of studied site, the metabolism of soft bottom in view to estimate the trophic production and its status and finally, the characterisation of biological component by the study of macrobentos and megabentos (i.e. Holothurians). A limited disturbance was detected by physicochemical data although locally enrichment of freshwater by nutrients (nitrates+nitrites+silicates) were measured (reef back hollow of Planch'Alize and Grand Trou d'Eau). At the reef scale (9 stations and 2 seasons), the soft-sediment was found heterotrophic (net production = 31.6, respiration R = 109.6, gross production Pg = 77.9 mmolC m-2 d-1 et PgR = 0.7). Opposite to the two holothurians studied population Holothuria atra et H. leucospilota, macrobenthos (> 1 mm) did not constitute a major group in the food web (134 taxa, with a mean of 32.86 individuals per 0.2 m-2 et 0.059 gPS 0.2m-2. compared to Echinoderm biomass that could reach 7.92 gPS m-2. At the station scale, spatial heterogeneity of metabolism was in agreement with the physicochemical characteristics of environment reflecting the double influence of both ocean and continent (freshwater enrichment). The most productive and heterotrophic stations were located in the reef back hollow where the oceanic influence was the lowest. Finally, macrofauna was under hydrodynamic influence although holothurians are growing in the most productive area. The soft-bottom sediment played a key role in filtrating organic matter provided from the back reef. This mechanism was deeply influenced by the high hydrodynamism (narrow reef and low water level), which modulated the loss of mater and energy of the reef. These losses were however limited by the action of holothurians (high density ind m-2), which store organic matter such as biomass and enhanced probably local production via excretion and bioturbation. To conclude, at the ecosystem scale, soft-bottom was responsible of recycling, which was reinforced by holothurians that limited the loss of matter and energy due to hydrodynamism.
Project(s):
Coverage:
Median Latitude: -21.100000 * Median Longitude: 55.237500 * South-bound Latitude: -21.110000 * West-bound Longitude: 55.230000 * North-bound Latitude: -21.090000 * East-bound Longitude: 55.250000
Date/Time Start: 2003-09-17T12:10:00 * Date/Time End: 2004-08-12T13:15:00
Minimum DEPTH, water: 0.5 m * Maximum DEPTH, water: 0.5 m
Event(s):
Taddei_06-S1 * * Latitude: -21.090000 * Longitude: 55.230000 * Location: Indian Ocean * * Device: Observation *
Taddei_06-S2 * * Latitude: -21.110000 * Longitude: 55.250000 * Location: Indian Ocean * * Device: Observation *
Taddei_06-S3 * * Latitude: -21.100000 * Longitude: 55.240000 * Location: Indian Ocean * * Device: Observation *
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Comment:
In order to allow full comparability with other ocean acidification data sets, the R package seacarb (Lavigne and Gattuso, 2011) was used to compute a complete and consistent set of carbonate system variables, as described by Nisumaa et al. (2010). In this dataset the original values were archived in addition with the recalculated parameters (see related PI).
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethodComment
1Event labelEventMetadata
2Site *SiteTaddei, Dorothée *
3Identification *IDTaddei, Dorothée *
4DATE/TIME *Date/TimeGeocode
5Radiation, photosynthetically active *PARµE/m2/sTaddei, Dorothée *PAR sensor LI-1400, LI-COR Inc. *
6Salinity *SalTaddei, Dorothée *Salinometer (Yeo-Cap Mark IV) *
7Temperature, water *Temp°CTaddei, Dorothée *
8DEPTH, water *Depth watermGeocode
9Carbonate system computation flag *CSC flagNisumaa, Anne-Marin *Calculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010) *
10pH *pHTaddei, Dorothée *pH meter (Orion 940) *
11Alkalinity, total *ATmmol(eq)/lTaddei, Dorothée *Titration potentiometric *
12Alkalinity, total *ATµmol/kgTaddei, Dorothée *calculated *Original value in µmol/l, devided by density
13Total carbon *TCµmol/kgNisumaa, Anne-Marin *Calculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010) *
14Carbon dioxide *CO2µmol/kgNisumaa, Anne-Marin *Calculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010) *
15Partial pressure of carbon dioxide (water) at sea surface temperature (wet air) *pCO2water_SST_wetµatmNisumaa, Anne-Marin *Calculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010) *
16Fugacity of carbon dioxide (water) at sea surface temperature (wet air) *fCO2water_SST_wetµatmNisumaa, Anne-Marin *Calculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010) *
17Bicarbonate ion *[HCO3]-µmol/kgNisumaa, Anne-Marin *Calculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010) *
18Carbonate ion *[CO3]2-µmol/kgNisumaa, Anne-Marin *Calculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010) *
19Aragonite saturation state *Omega ArgNisumaa, Anne-Marin *Calculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010) *
20Calcite saturation state *Omega CalNisumaa, Anne-Marin *Calculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010) *
21Calcification rate of calcium carbonate *Calc rate CaCO3mmol/m2/hTaddei, Dorothée *Alkalinity anomaly technique (Smith and Key, 1975) *
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4986 data points

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