Data Description

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Citation:
Schmiedl, G (1990): Investigations on sediment coring site PS1823 in the Riiser-Larsen Sea, Southern Ocean. doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.727452,
Supplement to: Schmiedl, Gerhard (1990): Quartäre Sedimentationsprozesse in der Tiefsee des Riiser-Larsenmeeres westlich des Gunnerus-Rückens, Ost-Antarktis. Diploma Thesis, Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, 113 pp, hdl:10013/epic.33258.d001
Abstract:
Physical and sedimentological investigations were carried out on a 14 m long gravity core and a 0.5 m long box core from 4440 m water depth off Queen Maud Land, East-Antarctica. Strongly bioturbated hemipelagic muds of predominantly terrigenous origin and a very small biogenic part build up the 'Normal-Facies'. Several sandy to silty layers are inserted in the 'Normal-Facies'. These layers are seperated by lithology, structure and the investigated parameters of this study and are interpreted as turbidites. The source area for the turbidity currents is supposed to be at the uppermost continental margin, close to the shelf break and there is evidenee for this gravity transport within the erosive Ritscher-Canyon, which extends close to the core position.
The distribution of biogenic components indicates an age of 1.3 million years or more, with an average sedimentation rate of about 1 cm/1000 years. Early diagenetic proeesses caused water loss by compaction, errosion and dissolution of biogenic components and precipitation and recrystallization of manganese micronodules. Cyclic fluctuations of the sediment-parameters within the 'Normal-Facies' enable the distinction of a 'Glazial'- and an 'Interglazial'-Facies. The 'Glazial'-Facies reflects glacial sedimentary conditions and shows a dark olive gray colour, high susceptibility, low silt/clay-ratios, only a few biogenic components and the regular occurence of interrelated turbidite layers. In contrast, the 'Interglazial'-Facies is dominated by a light olive or olive-brown colour, low susceptibility, high silt/clay-ratios and an increased number of biogenic components. This facies corresponds to interglacial conditions.
Three main processes are supposed to have been responsible for the observed facies changes: (1) the bottom water mass circulation, (2) the gravity transport by turbidity currents and (3) the biogenic surface production. These processes are related to the quaternary climatic changes. The extension of the ice shelves directed the gravity transport to the deep sea and the formation of Antarctic Bottom Water, which in turn influenced the silt/clay-ratios in the sediment record. Fluctuations in sea ice coverage controlled the biogenic surface production.
Related to:
Fütterer, Dieter K; Schrems, Otto (1991): Die Expedition ANTARKTIS-VIII mit FS Polarstern 1989/90, Bericht von den Fahrtabschnitten ANT-VIII/6-7 (The Expedition ANTARKTIS-VIII of RV Polarstern 1989/90 Reports of Legs ANT-VIII/6-7). Berichte zur Polarforschung = Reports on Polar Research, 90, 231 pp, doi:10.2312/BzP_0090_1991 *
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Project(s):
Coverage:
Median Latitude: -65.933085 * Median Longitude: 30.831080 * South-bound Latitude: -65.936000 * West-bound Longitude: 30.828800 * North-bound Latitude: -65.930167 * East-bound Longitude: 30.833333
Date/Time Start: 1990-04-05T08:20:00 * Date/Time End: 1990-04-05T12:20:00
Event(s):
PS1823-1 (PS16/540) * * Latitude: -65.930167 * Longitude: 30.833333 * Date/Time: 1990-04-05T08:20:00 * Elevation: -4441.0 m * Recovery: 0.50 m * Penetration: 0.50 m * Location: Fram Strait * * Campaign: ANT-VIII/6 (PS16) * * Basis: Polarstern * * Device: Giant box corer *
PS1823-6 (PS16/540) * * Latitude: -65.936000 * Longitude: 30.828833 * Date/Time: 1990-04-05T12:20:00 * Elevation: -4441.0 m * Recovery: 13.96 m * Penetration: 18.00 m * Location: Fram Strait * * Campaign: ANT-VIII/6 (PS16) * * Basis: Polarstern * * Device: Gravity corer (Kiel type) *
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