Holzwarth, U et al. (2009): Abundance of organic-walled dinoflagellate cysts and geochemical analysis of sediment core GeoB5546-2. doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.726630, Supplement to:Holzwarth, Ulrike; Meggers, Helge; Esper, Oliver; Kuhlmann, Holger; Freudenthal, Tim; Hensen, Christian; Zonneveld, Karin A F (2010): NW African climate variations during the last 47,000 years: Evidence from organic-walled dinoflagellate cysts. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 291(3-4), 443-455, doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2010.03.013
NW African climate shows orbital and millenial-scale variations, which are tightly connected to changes in marine productivity. We present an organic-walled dinoflagellate cyst (dinocyst) record from a sediment core off Cape Yubi at about 27°N in the Canary Basin covering the time period from 47 to 3ka before present (BP). The dinocyst record reflects differences in upwelling intensity and seasonality as well as the influence of fluvial input. Sea-level changes play an important role for the upwelling pattern and productivity signals at the core site. Within the studied time interval, four main phases were distinguished. (1) From 45 to 24ka BP, when sea-level was mostly about 75m lower than today, high relative abundances of cysts of heterotrophic taxa point to enhanced upwelling activity, especially during Heinrich Events, while relatively low dinocyst accumulation rates indicate that filament activity at the core location was strongly reduced. (2) At sea-level lowstand during the LGM to H1, dinocyst accumulation rates suggest that local filament formation was even more inhibited. (3) From the early Holocene to about 8ka BP, extraordinary high accumulation rates of most dinocyst species, especially of Lingulodinium machaerophorum, suggest that nutrient supply via fluvial input increased and rising sea-level promoted filament formation. At the same time, the upwelling season prolongated. (4) A relative increase in cysts of photoautotrophic taxa from about 8ka BP on indicates more stratified conditions while fluvial input decreased. Our study shows that productivity records can be very sensitive to regional features. From the dinocyst data we infer that marine surface productivity off Cape Yubi during glacial times was within the scale of modern times but extremely enhanced during deglaciation.
Holzwarth, Ulrike (2009): Characterization of West African upwelling areas based on organic-walled dinoflagellate cysts and their application in the fossil record. PhD Thesis, Elektronische Dissertationen an der Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek Bremen, Germany, urn:nbn:de:gbv:46-diss000116758