Flores, JA et al. (2000): Southern Ocean Pleistocene calcareous nannofossil events: calibration with isotope and geomagnetic stratigraphies. doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.679318, Supplement to:Flores, José Abel; Gersonde, Rainer; Sierro, Francisco Javier; Niebler, Hans-Stefan (2000): Southern Ocean Pleistocene calcareous nannofossil events: calibration with isotope and geomagnetic stratigraphies. Marine Micropaleontology, 40(4), 377-402, doi:10.1016/S0377-8398(00)00047-5
Several cores recovered from the northern belt of the Southern Ocean were analysed to study the Pleistocene calcareous nannofossil records. Calcareous nannofossil events previously described in medium and low latitudes were identified and calibrated with the oxygen isotope and geomagnetic time scales. Although sedimentation rates, hiatuses and degree of calcareous nannofossil preservation sometimes prevent the identification and/or accurate calibration of some of these events, a useful stratigraphic framework was obtained. The possibility of using these calibrated events from high to low latitudes facilitates correlations and should facilitate isotope event identification in a region with low temperature, where calcareous plankton stratigraphies are in general restricted. In general, Pleistocene southern high latitude calcareous nannofossil events show synchronism with those observed in warm and temperate surficial waters. Small discrepancies in the assigned ages are sometimes related to low sampling resolution due to low sedimentation rates. The first occurrence (FO) of Emiliania huxleyi and the last occurrence (LO) of Pseudoemiliania lacunosa are observed in Marine Isotope Stages (MIS) 8 and 12, respectively. A reversal in abundance between Gephyrocapsa muellerae and E. huxleyi is observed close to the MIS 4/5 boundary. MIS 6 is characterised by an increase in G. muellerae and MIS 7 features a dramatic decrease in the proportion of Gephyrocapsa caribbeanica. This latter species began to increase its proportions from the MIS 13/14 boundary to MIS13, showing diachronism between the different sites. The LO of Reticulofenestra asanoi is observed at MIS 22, confirming this event as a global synchronous reference datum. By contrast, the FO of R. asanoi occurs at MIS 35 and is diachronous with the existing data from other oceanic regions. A re-entry of medium sized Gephyrocapsa (3-5 mm maximum diameters) can be identified in some cores close to MIS 25; although the low abundance of this taxon prevents an accurate calibration, it may be concluded that this event is diachronous as compared with the existing low-latitude data. The LO of large morphotypes of Gephyrocapsa is well correlated with MIS 37, showing synchronism with other oceanic regions, whereas the FO of this species is not well calibrated due to the absence of age-control points.