Brückner, S; Mackensen, A (2008): Stable carbon isotope composition of benthic foraminifera from sediments of the Skagerrak, North Sea. doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.676719, Supplement to:Brückner, Sylvia; Mackensen, Andreas (2008): Organic matter rain rates, oxygen availability, and vital effects from benthic foraminiferal d13C in the historic Skagerrak, North Sea. Marine Micropaleontology, 66(3-4), 192-207, doi:10.1016/j.marmicro.2007.09.002
The sediment cores 225514 and 225510 were recovered from 420 and 285 m water depth, respectively. They were investigated for their benthic foraminiferal delta13C during the last 500 years. Both cores were recovered from the southern flank of the Skagerrak. The delta13C values of Uvigerina mediterranea and other shallow infaunal species in both cores indicate that organic matter rain rates to the seafloor varied around a mean value until approximately AD 1950 after which they increased. This increase might result from changes in the North Atlantic Current System and a co-occurring persistently high North Atlantic Oscillation index state in the 1980s to 1990s, rather than from anthropogenic eutrophication. Using delta13C mean values of multiple species, we reconstruct delta13C gradients of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) within pore waters for the time periods AD 1500 to 1950 and AD 1950 to 2000. The calculated delta13CDIC ranges, interpreted as indicating total organic matter remineralization due to respiration, are generally bigger in Core 225514 than in Core 225510. Since mean delta13C values of U. mediterranea suggest that organic matter rain rates were similar at both locations, differences in total organic matter remineralization are attributed to differing oxygen availability. However, oxygen concentrations in the overlying bottom water masses are not likely to have differed significantly. Thus, we suggest that organic matter remineralization was controlled by oxygen availability within the sediments, reflecting strong differences in sedimentation rates at the two investigated core sites. Based on the assumptions that tests of benthic foraminiferal species inhabiting the same microhabitat depth should show equal delta13C values unless they are affected by vital effects and that Globobulimina turgida records pore water delta13CDIC, we estimate microhabitat-corrected vital effects for several species with respect to G. turgida: >0.7 per mil for Cassidulina laevigata, >1.3 per mil for Hyalinea balthica, and >0.7 per mil for Melonis barleeanus. Melonis zaandami seems to closely record pore water delta13CDIC.
Brückner, Sylvia (2008): Climatic and hydrographic variability in the late Holocene Skagerrak as deduced from benthic foraminiferal proxies (Klimatische und hydrographische Variabilität im holozänen Sagerrak, abgeleitet aus benthischen Foraminiferen). Berichte zur Polar- und Meeresforschung = Reports on Polar and Marine Research, 572, 139 pp, hdl:10013/epic.28879