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Bücker, CJ (2001): Physical properties of sediment core CRP-3. doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.57345,
Supplement to: Bücker, Christian J; Jarrard, Richard D; Niessen, Frank; Wonik, Thomas (2001): Statistical analysis of wireline logging data of the CRP-3 drillhole, Victoria Land Basin, Antarctica. Terra Antartica, 8(4), 491-506, hdl:10013/epic.28288.d001
Drillhole CRP-3 in northern McMurdo Sound (Ross Sea, Antarctica) targeted the western margin of the Victoria Land basin to investigate Neogene to Palaeogene climate and tectonic history by obtaining continuous core and downhole logs. Well logging of CRP-3 has provided a complete and comprehensive data set of in situ geophysical measurements down to nearly the bottom of the hole (920 m below sea floor (mbsf)).
This paper describes the evaluation and interpretation of the downhole logging data using the multivariate statistical methods of factor and cluster analysis. The factor logs mirror the basic geological controls (i.e., grain size, porosity, clay mineralogy) behind the measured geophysical properties, thereby making them easier to interpret geologically. Cluster analysis of the logs delineates individual logging or sedimentological units with similar downhole geophysical properties. These objectively and independently defined units help differentiate lithological and sedimentological characteristics (e.g. grain size, sediment provenance, glacial influence).
For CRP-3, the three factor logs derived from the downhole measurements reflect sediment grain size (proxy for lithology), the occurrence of diamict and/or conglomerate (glacial influence), and sediment provenance. It is possible to divide the borehole into three main sections on the basis of cluster analysis of the three factor logs. The top section down to about 200 mbsf is dominated by mudstone with clearly different physical properties from the mudstones occurring below this depth. Beneath 200 mbsf sandstones dominate the lithology. Two types of sandstones were characterised in the early Oligocene/late Eocene sequence, with a division between the two types occurring at about 630 tnbsf. These two types of sandstones, which are differentiated mainly on the basis of their magnetic and radiogenic properties, can be correlated by detrital mode provenance analysis. Comparison of the results of the factor and cluster analyses with the reflection seismic profiles shows that the major change in sediment source from the Victoria Group to the Taylor Group at 630 mbsf (earliest Oligocene) is not seen by seismic sequence analysis. This observation may have important consequences for the entire Ross Sea seismic stratigraphy.
Latitude: -77.006000 * Longitude: 163.719000
Date/Time Start: 1999-10-09T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1999-11-19T00:00:00
Minimum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 20.0 m * Maximum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 916.7 m
CRP-3 * * Latitude: -77.006000 * Longitude: 163.719000 * Date/Time Start: 1999-10-09T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1999-11-19T00:00:00 * Elevation: -295.0 m * Recovery: 936.00 m * Penetration: 939.00 m * Location: Ross Sea * * Campaign: CRP-3 * * Basis: Sampling/drilling from ice * * Device: Core wireline system * * Comment: 11.76 km at 76° true from Cape Roberts, 2.04 km at 225° true from CRP-2. Fast ice thickness: 2.0 to 2.2 m. Sea rise embedded to 9.55 mbsf. Lateral ice movement from spudding 5.0 m to 82° true. HQ core to 345.85 mbsf. NQ core to 939.42 mbsf. Core recovery 97%. Phase 1 logging to 345 mbsf, Phase 2 logging to 773 mbsf, Phase 3 logging to 918 mbsf. Deepest Cenozoic lithology and depth: sandstone breccia from 822.87 to 823.11 mbsf. Age of oldest Cenozoic strata: earliest Oligocene or latest Eocene. Deepest core lithology and depth: light red-brown quartz-cemented quartz sandstone to 939.42 mbsf. Age of bedrock: (mid?) Devonian.
P-wave Velocity and Core Diameter: Sensor orientation - vertical, Transducer - Acoustic Rolling Contact Transducer (DEOTEK Ltd.), Transmitter pulse frequencey - 230 kHz, Transmitted pulse repitition rate: 100 Hz, Received pulse resolution - 50 ns, P-wave travel-time offset - 18.8 µs (HQ) and 19.8 µs (NQ).
P-wave Transmission Seismograms: ADC board - T3012 (National Instruments). Sampling frequency and resolution - 30 Mhz, 12 bit, Sampling interval - 50 ns, Length of seismograms - 200 ms
Wet Bulk Density: Sensor orientation - vertical, Gamma ray source - Cs-137, Source activity - 356 MBq, Source energy - 0.662 MeV, Counting time - 10 s, Collimator diameter - 5 mm (whole cores HQ/NQ), 2.5 mm (half cores HQ), Gamma detector - NaI-Scintillation Counter (John Count Scientific Ltd.)
Magnetic susceptibility: Loop sensor type - MS-2B (Bartington Ltd.), Loop sensor diameter - 80 mm, Loop sensor coil diameter - 88 mm, Alternating field frequency 0.565 kHz, Sensitivity - 1s, 10s (HQ), 10s (NQ), Magnetic field intensity - approx. 80 A/m PMS, Loop sensor correction coefficient K-rel (HQ) - 1.0884, Loop sensor correction coefficient K-rel (NQ) - 0.5235
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethodComment
1DEPTH, sediment/rock *DepthmGeocode
2Spectroscopy gamma ray *SGRAPI unitsBücker, Christian J *Downhole logging *
3Potassium *K%Bücker, Christian J *Downhole logging *
4Uranium *Umg/kgBücker, Christian J *Downhole logging *
5Thorium *Thmg/kgBücker, Christian J *Downhole logging *
6Susceptibility *Susceptsensor valuesBücker, Christian J *Downhole logging *10**-3 SI-units
7Z-anomaly of magnetic field *delta_z10 nTBücker, Christian J *Downhole logging *
8Resistivity, shallow *PSROhmmBücker, Christian J *Downhole logging *
9Resistivity, deep *ATROhmmBücker, Christian J *Downhole logging *
10Density, wet bulk *WBDg/cm3Bücker, Christian J *Downhole logging *
11Porosity *Poros% volBücker, Christian J *calculated *
12Velocity, compressional wave *Vpm/sBücker, Christian J *Downhole logging *
13Thorium/Potassium ratio *Th/KBücker, Christian J *calculated *
14Factor 1 *PC1Bücker, Christian J *Multivariate statistical analysis *
15Factor 2 *PC2Bücker, Christian J *Multivariate statistical analysis *
16Factor 3 *PC3Bücker, Christian J *Multivariate statistical analysis *
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